Sterilization (tubal ligation) is an elective surgery performed to prevent a woman from getting pregnant. This surgery is meant to be permanent. Sterilization is often done with a technique called a laparoscopy. The laparascope allows the doctor to view the pelvic organs. In some cases, a clear gas is put into the abdomen so the organs can be seen more clearly. The fallopian tubes are grasped and sealed using bands, clips or electricity (electrocoagulation) or the tubes may be cute and tied at the ends.
This procedure offers a number of benefits. A woman no longer needs to use birth control. It does not affect the menstrual cycle or sexual activity.